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Recounting the Memories of the Past
When was Pengiran Temenggong Anak Hashim became the 25th Sultan of Brunei?
Who was his predecessor?
Sultan Abdul Momin.
Who was the father of Sultan Hashim?
Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien II.
What was the size of Brunei when Sultan Hashim inherited from Sultan Abdul Momin?
Brunei was only the size of Modern Brunei plus the Limbang and Pandaruan districts.
When was the treaty of protection signed?
17th September 1888
Who signed the treaty of protection on behalf of the British?
What were the terms of the treaty of protection?
Brunei became British Protectorate with the Sultan as sovereign ruler.
Britian took over responsibility for Brunei’s external affairs.
The Sultan could not cede any land to foreign powers without the British consent.
Why was Charles Brooke attracted to Limbang?
It was the richest food growing district of Brunei.
When was Limbang seized by Charles Brooke?
When was Limbang annexed by Charles Brooke?
Who did the British Government send to investigate on Charles Brooke’s seizure of Limbang?
What was the result of the investigation?
12 of the 15 local chiefs were in favour of joining Sarawak.
The British Govenrment confirmed Charles Brooke’a annexation of Limbang.
Why was the Sultan objected to the way the investigation was done?
It took no account of the opinions of the uninvited chiefs.
Invited chiefs were all Brooke’s suppporters.
The officials accompanying Trevenan all worked for Charles Brooke.
What was the cause of the disturbances in Belait and Tutong?
Heavy taxes imposed by the Tulin holders.
Who was the British consul who supported Charles Brooke to annex Belait and Tutong?
Who did Sultan Hashim write a letter to in 1903 to ask for help to get back Limbang?
Sultan Abdul Hamid
What was the job of Malcolm McArthur to Brunei?
To write a report about the problems in Brunei.
What did Malcolm McArthur recommend in his report?
He recommended a new agreement to supplement the Treaty of Protection.
Why was Supplementary treaty recommended?
To make the Treaty of Protection stronger and help to protect Brunei.
Who signed the Supplementary treaty on behalf of the British?
John Anderson in 1906.
When was the Supplementary treaty was signed by the Sultan?
What was the term of the Supplementary treaty?
Brunei accepted a British Resident to advise the Sultan on all matters except Islam.