Recounting the Memories of the Past

Pengiran Indera Mahkota

Before Pengiran Indera Mahkota was known by that title, his real name was Pengiran Mohd Salleh ibnu Pengiran Sharifuddin. He was born in Sambas. His father was a descendant of Sultan Abdul Hakkul Mubin.

Pengiran Md Salleh was a well-educated man during his time. He was educated at Batavia and later furthered his studies in Holland.

Around 1820 the reigning Sultan at that time Sultan Muhammad Kanzul Alam summoned Pg Md Salleh to return to Brunei. His Highness then conferred on him the title Pengiran Indera Mahkota. Since then he was better knownby the title Pengiran Indera Mahkota. Seven years later Pengiran Indera Mahkota was given the task to act as the head of Government or Governor of Sarawak representing the Sultan of Brunei. It was Pengiran Indera Mahkota who first founded Kuching at a site named Lidah Tanah.

Around 1834 while Pengiran Indera Mahkota was ruling Sarawak Pengiran Muda Hashim arrived there to try to collect revenue. The reigning Sultan at that time was Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien II the nephew of Pengiran Muda Hashim.

Pengiran Muda Hashim’s arrival was not personally recieved by Pengiran Indera Mahkota. He only sent his officers to recieve him while he himself waited in his court. This act hurt Pengiran Muda Hashim’s feelings  and he accused Pengiran Indera Mahkota of not respecting him, an uncle of the Sultan. Pengiran Indera Mahkota’s justification was that since he was appointed by the Sultan surely he had the right to do what he thought was right. Since that day the conflict between the two started and it became worse with the arrival of James Brooke.

With Pengiran Muda Hashim in Sarawak, the Government of Sarawak was split into two. This gave rise to an uneasy situation in Sarawak. Besides this, there were constant quarrels among the Dayaks.

Pengiran Indera Mahkota was an intelligent man who was bold enough to face any problems. This contradicted the view held by some western historians who said that he was a tyrant. James Brooke himself acknowledged Pengiran Indera Mahkota’s shrewdness, as he had so recorded in his diary. It was because of his shrewdness that he was not influenced by James Brooke. Rather James Brooke regarded him as a threat to his plan of taking over Sarawak.

Pengiran Indera Mahkota knew the promise made between James Brooke and Pengiran Muda Hashim and saw it as a threat that could see Brunei became smaller and weaker. He devised several ways to get rid of James Brooke from Sarawak. Possibly this attitude of his led some historians to regard him as tyrannical. Pengiran Indera Mahkota’s actions had caused James Brooke to threaten to kill Pengiran Indera Mahkota’s followers should Pengiran Muda Hashim fail to fulfil his promise immediately. The threat was made on 24th September 1841. On that very day he was forced to proclaim James Brooke as the ruler of Sarawak. He did this in order to avoid bloodshed in the country.

It was only on 1st August 1842 that James Brooke was officially appointed as Raja Sarawak by the Sultan of Brunei. The appointment hurt Pengiran Indera Mahkota’s feelings because his post as Governor of Sarawak had not been abolished yet. In view of this Pengiran Indera Mahkota withdrew from Sarawak. He went to Batang Lupar and from there he travelled along the coast of Sarawak, finally settling down in Mukah.

Pengiran Indera Mahkota stayed for some time in Mukah. It was only in 1845 that Pengiran Indera Mahkota returned to Brunei when he was recalled by Pengiran Anak Abdul Momin, the son-in-law and assistant of Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin II. It was during his voyage to Brunei that he started composing Syair Rakis and after several months in Brunei he completed his works. One copy of his book was presented to Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien II and another to Pengiran Anak Abdul Momin.

Because Syair Rakis contained various kinds of advice, guidance and lessons, many copies of the original were made. These copies were given to the chiefs to read.

In 1852 Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien II passed away and Pengiran Anak Abdul Momin was crowned the twenty-fourth Sultan of Brunei. Sultan Abdul Momin conferred the title of Pengiran Shahbandar on Pengiran Indera Mahkota, one of the highest honours in Brunei in Brunei at that time.

James Brooke always kept up with the development of Brunei. He was rather concerned about the presence of Pengiran Shahbandar in Brunei. James Brooke made use of other people to eliminate Pengiran Shahbandar. It was said that there was a revolt in Limbang. On James Brooke’s instigation, the family of Pengiran Muda Hashim suggested that Pengiran Shahbandar lead an army to Limbang to settle the revolt which was said to have broken out there.

On the way to Limbang at a place called Lubai, Pengiran Shahbandar who could not swim was made to drown by capsizing his boat. He was buried at Kianggeh on 1858.


14 responses to “Pengiran Indera Mahkota

  1. viviena teng November 29, 2011 at 5:01 pm

    I was told by some source that Pengiran Indera Makhota Muhammad Salleh died in Kuching. another says that he died in Mukah. Which one is it.

    there is another in Penang that says this ancestor is buried in Penang.

  2. Anonymous August 21, 2012 at 9:18 am

    Sarwakian/or Sabahan when applying for entry permit should never be rejected…..as they are actually Bruneian

  3. Pingback: Makota Library | Makota Library Brunei

  4. Anonymous February 26, 2015 at 5:45 pm

    pengiran mazlan family pengiran shahbandar mohd sleh ibnu pengiran sharmayuda

  5. pengiran mazlan March 16, 2015 at 11:49 pm

    Sejarah moyang ini menjadi sejarah brunei dan malaysia

  6. pengiran mazlan March 16, 2015 at 11:59 pm

    Anakda pengiran shahbandar mohd saleh berhijrah ke tanah melayu bersama pembesar serta juru mudi ,juru batu meninggal sarawak di kuasai brunei kerana james brooke berhijrah dan tukar nama biasa kerana komplot james brooke nak bunuh zuriat nya….kini keturunan tersebut seperti rakyat biasa ramai rakyat brunei tidak tahu sudah berjaya ada bergelar dato di malaysia.

  7. pengiran mazlan April 17, 2015 at 2:19 pm

    pramba adalah waris keturunan pengiran shahbandar mohd saleh ibnu pengiran sharmayuda kalau nama moyang pramba di sarawak pengiran indra mahkota mohd saleh ibnu pengiran kasuma yuda telah membawa banyak bagi negara brunei kekal kan adat warisan brunei agar maju kehadapan

  8. Merikan November 18, 2015 at 3:08 pm

    i live village where Pengiran Kesuma Yuda grave at Kampung Gumpey 94800 Simunjan

  9. Merikan November 18, 2015 at 3:18 pm

    saya tinggal di Kampung Gumpey, 94800 Simunjan. Makam Pengiran Kesuma Yuda tersebut dalam keadaan baik dan saya mohon bantuan pihak penulis blog berkaitan sejarah Pengiran Kesuma Yuda dan maklumat boleh disalurkan ke 1govuc\merikan.jupem terima kasih

  10. Merikan November 18, 2015 at 3:40 pm

    Sebagai sejarah nama jalan dari Kampung Gedong ke Kampung Gumpey akan dicadangkan nama JALAN PENGIRAN KESUMA YUDA dan akan dikemukakan kepada Pegawai Daerah Simunjan, Sarawak

  11. Merikan November 18, 2015 at 3:56 pm

    Sebagai mengingati sejarah jalan dari Kampung Gedong ke KAMPUNG GUMPEY akan dicadangkan nama JALAN PENGIRAN KESUMA YUDA dan akan dikemukakan kepada Pegawai Daerah Simunjan, Sarawak

  12. viviena teng November 18, 2015 at 8:29 pm

    Attn. Merikan. The name you mentioned is from sambas. Maybe u can looked up in Sarawak Museum. I seen the name plate of this name at jalan muda hashim, satok, Kuching.

  13. Merikan November 20, 2015 at 11:24 am

    Attn. Viviena. i mean Stone Grave Pengiran Kesuma Yuda at my village Kampung Gumpey. The writing jawi word at the stone name Kesuma Yuda that mean not same with Jalan Muda Hashim.

    If you want further more can whats up me 0198772739 . I sent u Photo The Grave Stone Pengiran Kesuma Yuda at my kampung

  14. Anonymous December 7, 2016 at 11:03 am

    Saya tak suka cerita ini di diperbesarkan,membuat manusia tuntut harta yang tidak ada kaitan akan buat penipuan saya sendiri keturunannya……cerita permusuhan saudara sendiri dan hasrat rampasan kuasa lebih ……supaya kisah ini hilang di dunia hidup seperti rakyat biasa .

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